Orchard Road Presbyterian Church

Location3 Orchard Road, Singapore 238825
BuilderJ.W. Walker and Taylor & Sons
Year1962
Last surveyed2016
StatusPlayable
Last updated: 2 April 2021

The Chancel Organ

The first organ in this church dates back to 1861. The present instrument is the third organ to be constructed for the church. It is basically a rebuild of the 1926 two-manual and pedal tracker organ by William Hill & Son / Norman & Beard. A third division was added and the action converted to electro-pneumatic. The action was electrified in 1987. The old combination stops are still visible on either side of the console. The church also owns a rebuilt Walker & Taylor II/P organ in the chapel.

Historical facts

Over 200 pipes were looted in World War II, and the aluminium push rods removed. The motor and blower apparatus were however left intact. The organ had since been inoperable. In 1946, a restoration was performed as a gift from the Presbytery of London North. The wind chests were converted to the “floating top” type.

In 1926-1963, the Walker firm converted the organ to electric action, with additional stops added to the Choir and Pedal.

Technical Specifications

Original – William Hill & Son and Normal & Beard

Stoplist

Great

Double Diapason 16’
Open Diapason 8’
Claribel Flute 8’
Dulciana 8’
Principal 4’
Flute Ouvert 4’
Fifteenth 2’
Trumpet 8’

Swell

Bourdon 16’
Open Diapason 8’
Lieblich Gedeckt 8’
Salicional 8’
Voix Celeste 8’
Principal 4’
Harmonic Flute 4’
Cornopean 8’
Oboe 8’
Tremulant

Solo

Open Diapason 16’
Bourdon 16’
Bass Flute 8’


1962 – Present

Stoplist

Great


Double Diapason 16’
Open Diapason No.1 8’
Open Diapason No.2 8’
Claribel 8’
Dulciana 8’
Principal 4’
Flute Ouverte 4’
Twelfth 2 2/3’
Fifteenth 2’
Trumpet 8’

Swell (Enclosed)

Open Diapason 8’
Lieblich Gedeckt 8’
Salicional 8’
Voix Celeste 8’
Principal 4’
Harmonic Flute 4’
Fifteenth 2’
Mixture III
Cornopean 8’
Contra Oboe 16’
Oboe 8’
Tremulant

Choir

Lieblich Bourdon 16’
Violin Diapason 8’
Rohr Flute 8’
Dulciana 8’
Prestant 4’
Octave Flute 4’
Dulcet 4’
Nazard 2 2/3’
Flautino 2’
Dulciana Mixture II
Double Clarinet 16’
Clarinet 8’
Trumpet 4’
Tremulant

Pedal

Open Wood 16′
Bourdon 16’
Lieblich Bourdon 16’
Quint 10 2/3’
Octave 8’
Bass Flute 8’
Octave Flute 4’
Oboe 16’
Trumpet 8’

Accessories

Swell/Great (DS, TP)
Choir/Great (DS, TP)
Great and Pedal
Combination Coupler (DS)

Suboctave (DS)
Octave (DS)
Unison Off (DS)

Swell/Choir (DS)

Choir/Pedal (DS)
Swell/Pedal (DS)
Great/Pedal (DS, TP, TS)

Legend

DS – Drawstop
TP – Thumb piston
TS – Toe stud

Other information

Number of manualsIII/P
Number of stops43
Key actionElectric
Stop/Coupler actionElectric
Keyboard compassC-c4 (61 notes)
Pedalboard compassC-g1(32 notes)

Photos: Suzanne Lau
Article: Ong Te-Min

References:
Organs in Asia, by James Welch, The American Organist article July 1988
Special thanks to Robert Navaratnam

Used with permission